La d termination du temps de travail effectif
La notion de " temps de travail effectif " - notion d'actualité remontant à la loi de 1841 relative à la durée du travail des enfants - peut être interprétée selon deux conceptions différentes. D'un côté, dans la conception que l'on peut appeler " productiviste ", est pris en compte le temps correspondant à un travail productif pour l'employeur. De l'autre côté, dans la logique du " travail au temps ", le temps pendant lequel le salarié doit se tenir à la disposition de l'employeur constitue le critère déterminant. Ces deux logiques ont émergé et se sont développées de façon parallèle, et coexistent actuellement. Dans le cadre de la logique productiviste, dominante jusqu'aux années 1990, des atténuations et même des entorses ont été apportées à cette logique qui a ainsi été rapprochée de la logique du travail au temps sur certains points. De même dans le cadre de la logique du travail au temps, qui constitue aujourd'hui le principe, il subsiste des exceptions et des entorses relevant de la logique productiviste. Or, selon que l'une ou l'autre conception est appliquée, le calcul de la durée du travail n'est pas le même, ce qui a pour effet une variation dans l'étendue de la protection du salarié contre des durées de travail excessives.
Trois mois de nouveaut s
A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Trois mois de nouveaut s Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Handbook of Organizational Learning and Knowledge
In an era of far-reaching changes, organizational learning and knowledge creation are high on the agenda of social scientists, managers, and consultants worldwide as they seek to adapt to new environments. The Handbook of Organizational Learning and Knowledge provides a comprehensive overview of how the concept of organizational learning emerged, how it has been used and debated, and where it may be going. It summarizes the state of the art and provides a full account of the diverse approaches, themes, issues, and debates of the field. The handbook unites a distinguished team of international authors, who examine both the central themes and key emerging issues. The coverage extends beyond the American tradition to include the experiences of Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. The book opens with chapters drawing insights from various social science approaches. The following sections examine fundamental issues concerning the external triggers, factors and conditions, agents,and processes of organizational learning. Subsequent chapters review the subject within a global context, looking in particular at processes of interorganizational learning and knowledge transfer. The next sections examine the development of learning practices and provide case studies to illustrate organizational learning and knowledge creation. The book concludes with an analysis of the state of the art and an agenda for the future. This handbook will be an invaluable reference tool for scholars and students in the social sciences, as well as for professional involved in organizational development, learning, and change.
The Boulez Cage Correspondence
Between May 1949 and August 1954 the composers Pierre Boulez and John Cage exchanged a series of remarkable letters which reflect on their own music and the music and culture of the time. This correspondence, together with a further letter from 1962 and various other relevant documents, have been edited by Jean-Jacques Nattiez and appear here for the first time completely in English. At the time Cage and Boulez were great friends and these amicable letters reflect their differing ideas on the course new music should take. While Boulez was thinking about forms of serialism, Cage was moving in the direction of ever greater compositional freedom and chance procedures. Professor Nattiez has written a full introduction to this collection of documents and the meticulous and detailed annotation of every letter makes this a volume of extraordinary value for our understanding of the development of both Cage and Boulez and the music of their time.
Choosing Your English
John Haycraft A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Choosing Your English Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Grand Livre De Cuisine Alain Ducasse s Culinary Encyclopedia
The ultimate recipe collection and food-preparation guide based on the French chef author's philosophies about how good food should stimulate each of the senses shares seven hundred French and Mediterranean recipes that incorporate ten key cooking styles, in a detailed reference that provides for a wide range of ingredients and courses.
Thatcher and Sons
The history of Britain in the last thirty years, under both Conservative and Labour governments, has been dominated by one figure - Margaret Thatcher. Her election marked a decisive break with the past and her premiership transformed not just her country, but the nature of democratic leadership. In his 'argued history' Simon Jenkins analyses this revolution from its beginnings in the turmoil of the 1970s through the social and economic changes of the 1980s. Was Thatcherism a mere medicine for an ailing economy or a complete political philosophy? And did it eventually fall victim to the dogmatism and control which made it possible? This is the story of the events, personalities, defeats and victories which will be familiar to all those who lived through them, but seen through a new lens. It is also an argument about how Thatcher's legacy has continued down to the present. Not just John Major, but Tony Blair and Gordon Brown are her heirs and acolytes. And as the Conservative party reinvents itself as a viable political force once again, is the age of Thatcher finally over?
Building Maintenance Management
Since publication of the first edition of this book some 10 years ago, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of building maintenance in the overall context of property management, and the need to obtain maximum value for the increasingly large sums spent on maintenance work. Maintenance management has been extensively researched but the main problem now lies in implementing the results. This book deals in a systematic and comprehensive way with the management of building maintenance and gives guidance on the related legislative and other constraints. This revised edition has been updated to reflect new thinking on the subject, to take account of changes in legislation, and to include new material on the use of computers and their application to maintenance decision making and information feedback. There is a completely new chapter on the causes of the more common building defects. Building Technology and Management said of an earlier edition, `An essential purchase for anyone engaged in the building industry and particularly those who seek to improve their professional approach to maintenance management'
A guide to getting the most out of a GPS system provides information on such topics as building and hooking up data cables, modifying the iPAQ cradle, grabbing screenshots, and customizing GPS games.
Trademark Law and Theory
Boasting an impressive list of contributors, this first edition of Trademark Law and Theory brings together a compilation of well-written and powerfully argued works by leading international academics. The book is certainly one of the most extensive and thought provoking overviews of contemporary trademark law and theory yet to be published. . . Whilst all the contributions share in common their examination of the rapidity of change within trademark systems, the editors should be commended on their generous seasoning of other cross cutting themes throughout the Handbook. . . This fascinating compendium enriches our understanding of the shape, substance, and form of trademark law and theory. . . this Handbook is perhaps a rare exception to the adage that no book can be all things to all men . Its broad sweep approach and cross cutting themes enable a range of interested parties, such as policymakers; academics in the fields of marketing, business, consumer psychology; in addition to the usual suspects; to dip in and out of the Handbook as they wish. . . a unique and erudite collection of essays concerning trademark law and theory. . . Odette Hutchinson, Communications Law Trademarks is an area of vital, practical everyday concern, and the idea of producing a volume that brings together the perspectives of 19 thoughtful and experienced legal scholars is a bold and exciting initiative. The present volume does not disappoint and the two editors are to be congratulated on orchestrating an ensemble that simultaneously informs and stimulates. The title is apt: it is truly contemporary and is highly theoretical and doctrinal in character, while the interesting choice of the word handbook suggests clearly that this is a work in progress, a snapshot at a particular time of the challenging lines of individual research that each contributor to the volume is undertaking. It is a fine addition to a larger series of research handbooks in intellectual property published by Edward Elgar under the series editorship of Jeremy Phillips. . . The editors have done a fine job in presenting this material in such a clear and coherent fashion. . . this is an excellent and rewarding volume of readings that will be of interest to anyone working in the area of trademarks, whether as an academic or as a practitioner. Indeed, for the practitioner it will be of particular value, in that it contains, and opens up, many areas of inquiry that may not always be apparent when working at the coalface of a particular problem. . . For both kinds of readers, the real value of the volume is to have so many different kinds of perspectives brought together within the space of a single volume. . . this is a handsome production: the publishers and editors are to be commended on the clarity and cleanness of the typeface and headings, the thoroughness of the index, and the accuracy of their proof reading. It has also been given a striking and evocative cover. Sam Ricketson, University of Melbourne Law School Australia, European Intellectual Property Review Trademark Law and Theory is a first-rate exploration of the issues that will dominate trademark law in the 21st century. Authors from five continents provide a truly global perspective on the present and future of trademark law. An exceptional collection of contributors and contributions. Robert Denicola, University of Nebraska, US This compendium is an excellent source of writing on all aspects of trademark law and practice by experts from Europe, the United States, South Africa, Singapore, New Zealand and Australia. It will be a stimulating read for lawyers, academics, students and policymakers alike on the present and developing trends in law and policy relating to trademarks as marketing tools and cultural artefacts. The editors deserve congratulation on their concept for the book and their judicious selection of material. David Vaver, University of Oxford, UK All students, young and older, in the burgeoni